Sunday, November 6, 2011

Ford Expedition: Bigger and Better

As per 2003, the Ford Adventure has undergone a whole package of improvements, thus as per the next year the 2004 Ford Journey only had to go through slight touchups so as to complete the entire set of being new. The Ford Trip is still the big and brawny, yet comfortable vehicle that we had known previously. It comes with power, and space along with five available trims that sport purely functional equipment to sheer decadence. The available trims comprise of the XLS, the XLT, the XLT Sport, the NBW, and the Eddie Bauer. The Ford Expedition is still large, roomy, smooth, and very stable.

This vehicle has been considered to be quite refined. It has a handling that is fairly precise and very responsive considering the vehicle's weight and size. Compared to the earlier generation of the Ford Expedition, this new one shows improvements like a smoother ride, and a thorough truck-based suspension. Even the interior shows promises of something new. With a lower front bumper, wellbeing surely has been enhanced by the Ford Motor Company as per changing the whole Ford Trip look and performance. A safety curtain has been added in so as to function to protect its occupants in a rollover. There are also adjustable pedals, a better seating position, and a tire-pressure monitor for smaller drivers. Also added in is an AdvanceTrac electronic equilibrium dominance, anti-lock brakes, and other active wellbeing systems. These added features have been made available so as to assist the driver maintain perfect manipulation of the vehicle and at the same point in time also reduce the chance of skidding off the streets.

These only are a few of the features that has been upgraded and updated for the Ford Adventure. Also made available for this vehicle is the PowerFold third-row seat (this folds perfectly flat with the media of a button), the Reverse Sensing System (this feature can alert the driver of the Ford Adventure if the vehicle is backed toward an object like a parked car, a short pole, or a small child); and a rear-seat DVD entertainment system. Not just for entertainment, comfort, and security, the Ford Expedition Suspension also functions well for towing. This vehicle can tow up to a maximum of 8950 pounds of weight.

Looking closer, the Ford Trip surely looks bigger and larger and very much bolder than those Ford Expeditions who have lived before this new one's time. As per its overall dimensions, it still is roughly around the same size as before however, this period around, the track has been given a more wide, around two inches, of a well-planted stance. Giving this new vehicle a towering appeal is its new raised hood. It sports 17 inch wheels for a bolder kind of look. It also holds bumpers that are integrated more smoothly into its overall design and facade.

Cadillac Means Quality

Part of the General Motors Corporation, and produced and mostly sold in the United States, the Cadillac is a brand of luxury automobiles. And in the United States, this brand name of luxury automobiles has become a synonym for "high quality". Certainly, because of this, it has been used in certain lingo and phrases like "the Cadillac of clocks". Cadillac was formed from the Henry Ford Company, and the automobile was named after the 17th century French explorer Antoine Laumet de La Mothe, sieur de Cadillac, who was the founder of Detroit, Michigan in 1701.

One of the vehicles running under the Cadillac name is the Cadillac Escalade. This vehicle is a luxury spin-off of the large Chevrolet/GMC SUVs, and is made available in three trim levels - the base SUV wagon, the longer Escalade ESV wagon, and the Escalade EXT pickup truck. The first two versions are sport utility vehicle wagons that has three rows of seats and can take in a capacity of seven passengers. The Cadillac Escalade EXT, on the other hand is a crew-cab pickup truck that has four doors. It is similar to the Chevrolet Avalanche, has a "midgate" wall between the cab and the cargo bed.

All the versions of the Cadillac Escalade feature an all-wheel drive and a 6.0 liter V8. The base wagon also comes as a 2WD model. All have automatic transmission, front side airbags, ABS, antiskid/traction control, tire-pressure monitor, and Cadillac's automatic-adjusting Road Sensing Suspension. Also standard features for all trim levels of the Cadillac Escalade include a trailering package, power-adjustable gas and brake pedals, a rear obstacle detection, and OnStar assistance. The Escalade ESV Platinum Edition includes features like a navigation system, rear DVD entertainment, specific appearance touches, and 20-inch chrome alloy wheels instead of the usual standard 17-inch alloy wheels of the Escalade.

Acceleration for this vehicle is found to be ample despite occasional transmission delays in full-throttle downshifts. It has towing capacities of 7,400 lbs. for 2WD Escalades, 8,100 lbs. for AWD models, and 7,300 for EXT versions. It has an averaged 13.7-15.6 mpg in city or highway driving. The vehicle could get quite staggering at times. It is also very truck-like. The Cadillac Escalade ESV models have a longer wheelbase that provides a smoother feel on rough roads. As per the vehicle's steering and handling, it is generally ponderous and has a slow response to steering inputs. It has light and vague steering that demands continuous attention on the highway. Also, it has a rear-leveling suspension that is standard and improves manipulation with a heavy load. The brakes, however, sense soft but have adequate power. It provides a fine isolation from the wind, road, and engine noise. It also offers plenty of head and leg room and a vast shoulder width. Plush seats with fold-down armrests carry out the interior. Commanding road view is given to drivers, and added in is a helpful audio/visual rear-obstacle-detection system that warns of the unseen when backing up.

The Best Range Rover Ever Built

Land Rover declares all-new Range Rover as the best of its genre. This is because the automaker has added a number of great auto breakthroughs and architecture to pave the way for a magnificent Rover.

For the model year 2007, Range Rover is given a brand new diesel, Terrain Response, fascia, interior, trim and dashboard, instrumentation, electronic parking brake, cooled seats, revised stereo, a whole new set of exciting vehicle features. The latest Land Rover Range Rover parts include the V8 diesel engine, which is one of the world's most advanced. Compared to the 6-cylinder diesel engine, V8 is more powerful yet has the same fuel economy.

"The TDV8 diesel is a great new engine, to power one of the world's great vehicles - the most complete luxury 4x4," says Land Rover managing director Phil Popham. "Its balance of performance, refinement and economy is unmatched. We believe it makes the Range Rover an even more desirable vehicle, especially in strong diesel markets, and will certainly appeal to many customers who've never considered a diesel before."

"Compared with the outgoing Range Rover diesel, the new engine is up to 75 per cent quieter, a huge improvement," says Al Kammerer, product development director for Land Rover. "In both qualitative and quantitative measures, the new diesel is very similar to the V8 petrol engine - a tremendous achievement." The noise level of the new Range Rover is reduced. Noises are dampened by a comprehensive acoustic system to ensure that extraneous noises are avoided.

The performance of the vehicle is likened to excellent sport cars while its fuel efficiency level is like that of petrol saloon cars. Popham added, "Yet the new Range Rover delivers so much more - great comfort, huge carrying capacity, awesome off-road capability and massive towing ability, all with exemplary refinement."

The Terrain Response feature of Range Rover enhances its on-road and off-road capabilities while reducing driver effort. Terrain Response is a patented technology of the automaker. It allows driver to select one out of 5 terrain settings through a rotary control. Range Rover suspension settings and brakes have been upgraded to match the TDV8. Also, the electronic park brake replaced the hand brake lever in the centre console area.

These features plus significant enhancements made all-new Range Rover stand out from other luxury sport utility vehicles available today. "The most finished luxury 4x4 in the world is now even better," concluded Phil Popham.

Land Rover Suspension: Reducing Bumps and Damage

A Land Rover could not run without its engine for this is the source of the power that it needs. Also, a Land Rover would not run without its wheels for this is what gives the vehicle the ability to move regarding effortlessly. Yes, a Land Rover would not run without its battery since this is what starts the process of everything. That just goes to show that each and every part and system that make up the Land Rover vehicle is very vital and is very much needed for the Land Rover to run safely and properly.

The Land Rover suspension is actually a system that could be considered as something that is not that important in making the vehicle run. However, it does make a bumpy ride very comfortable and pleasurable. This system is actually the connection that bridges the occupants of the vehicle with the road. It has the ability to actually suspend the frame of the vehicle along with its body and powertrain above the wheels which could be compared to a bridge that separates the vehicles on top of it with the water underneath it.

Made up of springs, shocks absorbers, and linkages that connect the Land Rover to its wheels, the Land Rover suspension serves yet another purpose. It protects the vehicle itself from any kind of damage. This system also protects everything and anything that could be inside the vehicle.

In a sense, Land Rover suspension systems could be classified into two groups which comprise of the depending on and the independent. However, there is a third one which could be said to be somewhere between the two groups. The based mostly suspension usually holds a live axle which actually holds the wheels of the Land Rover parallel to each other and perpendicular to the axle. The Land Rover independent suspension, on the other hand, allows the wheels to actually rise and fall on their own without impacting the other wheels on the other side. As per the semi-dependent Land Rover suspension, this type uses jointed axles however the wheels are connected with a solid member.

Car Suspension Types

Believe it or not, the first suspension designs for automobiles were inspired by the horse-drawn carriages which preceded the first automobiles. These were basically beam axles, where a solid beam was attached via leaf springs to the vehicle chassis and the wheels were attached to the ends of the beams. Although solid beam axles worked well enough and are in fact still in use today in commercial and heavy-duty vehicles, ride quality requirements compelled car designers to look into suspension designs that provided improved ride and handling qualities. This is the era where designers used swing axles and trailing arm suspensions in an attempt to offer cars improved bump, steering and handling qualities. The Corvair is an example of a car that used swing axle suspension, while the VW Beetle was designed to use a trailing arm suspension.

One of the most significant suspension designs that were developed is the MacPherson strut, which was first used by Ford in the 1950s. It is very popular with manufacturers of mass-produced cars because of its simplicity and compactness. This simplicity also makes the MacPherson strut cheap to manufacture, and its compact design allows a drive axle to pass through the steering knuckle that the strut attaches to. It became a de facto standard for front wheel drive cars in the 70s and is still widely used today. Despite its advantages of being cheap to manufacture and compactness, the MacPherson strut was not well-suited to high-performance cars. Suspension engineers looking for better manipulation and handling developed the double A-arm, or dual wishbone, suspension, which allows a vehicle to generate maximum cornering force.

Up to today, the solid axle is used in the rear for very powerful cars. As with front suspensions, leaf springs were used for rear suspensions, and some mass-production cars used this rear layout until the early 80s. However, leaf springs have fallen out of favour and have been replaced by coil springs or struts. Locating the solid rear axle is accomplished by trailing links and lateral dominance rods that manipulation the movement of the axle during acceleration and braking. There are other layouts for locating and controlling the so called live axle, but the 4-link is the most common and popular layout in use for cars still using a solid rear axle. However, very few, if any, of today's cars use a solid axle for the rear. Independent rear suspensions are commonplace nowadays, whether a car is front wheel drive, rear wheel drive or all wheel drive. Front wheel drive cars usually employ a variation of their front suspension, modified for use in the back end of the car. Generally, these are either a McPherson style suspension or an A-arm setup. Rear wheel drive cars, on the other hand, normally use different front and rear suspensions. What is prevalent is the use of multi-link rear suspensions to provide a very comfortable ride without degrading handling quality. With all-wheel drive cars, the prevalent suspensions in use are the McPherson strut or unequal length double A-arm. All-wheel drive cars are generally higher-performance cars and their suspension tuning is favoured toward handling over ride quality.